Rights, Peace and Justice
Bineta Diop, Femmes Africa Solidarité (FAS)
Edith Ballantyne, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
The Working Group on Peace studies questions relating to peace from a gender perspective. Peace in the understanding of the Working Group not only refers to negative peace (the absence of war) but also includes the concept of positive peace (the existence of conditions for full enjoyment of all human rights).
Comprised of 33 member organisations, the WG specifically focuses its work on the integration of a gender perspective in conflict prevention, conflict resolution, peace re-building processes, and reconciliation. It also addresses the militarization of societies, the promotion of human security and its specific importance for women.
The Group’s significant activities include:
- Brainstorming on the Brahimi Report regarding the United Nations Peacekeeping and advocacy to promote the Security Council Resolution 1325 adopted in Oct. 2000 on Women, Peace and Security.
- Organization of meetings. During the year 2001, the Group organised three events: panel discussion on “Women in Armed Conflict and Women at the Negotiation Table. The Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women Rhadika Coomeraswamy was among the panelists with women from grassroots organisations from different parts of the world. Different intensity level conflict situations were discussed; roundtable on the World Conference against Racism entitled “African Women’s Voices”; seminar on missile systems and a statement read at the Conference on Disarmament.
- Focused discussions on the work of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, relating to women and violence in armed conflict; and on the downgrading of UNESCO’s programme on a Culture of Peace, in particular its gender component .